Browse By

Glossary

This is a glossary of terms, abbreviations, acronyms and jargon I have come across in my work on health and wellbeing (so health, social care, local government and occasionally a little wider). I put it together for my own use, but if it is helpful for others, that would be great (but of course no guarantees of accuracy, no liability etc. etc.).

My aim is to provide an explanation and link (rather than just what an abbreviation stands for) but I haven’t been able to provide that for all entries yet.

If you have any corrections or additions, do please feel free to suggest them in the comments box at the bottom of the page.

It’s in alphabetical order and all on one page.
There is a list of other glossaries at the bottom of the page.

~

5YFV – Five Year Forward View. Published on 23rd October 2014 thiis is a strategic plan for the NHS in England produced by the main national health bodies, generally seen as led by Simon Stevens of NHS England.
http://www.england.nhs.uk/ourwork/futurenhs/

~

A&E – Accident and Emergency

A&T units – assessment and treatment units (for people with learning disabilities)

ABPI – Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry
http://www.abpi.org.uk/Pages/default.aspx

Accountable Care Organisations – bodies taking responsibility for all health needs in a local area (an idea being imported from the US)

ACEVO – Association of Chief Executives of Voluntary Organisations
http://www.acevo.org.uk/

ACG – Adjusted Clinical Groups. A trademark registered risk assessment system from Johns Hopkins:
http://acg.jhsph.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=46&Itemid=366

ACMD – Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/advisory-council-on-the-misuse-of-drugs

ACO – Accountable Care Organisation. Providers coming together ‘to take responsibility for the cost and quality of care for a defined population within an agreed budget’ (King’s Fund)
http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/topics/integrated-care/accountable-care-organisations-explained

ACPO – Association of Chief Police Officers
http://www.acpo.police.uk/

ACS – Accountable Care System

ACS – Ambulatory Care Sensitive.
Nuffield Trust report on ACS admissions to hospital: http://www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/publications/focus-preventable-admissions

Acute, e.g. acute services, hospital or trust. Short term, coming quickly to crisis, such as A&E, surgery, maternity, radiotherapy. Usually provided in bigger hospitals.

ADASS – Association of Directors of Adult Social Services
http://www.adass.org.uk/home/

ADHD – Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

ADLs – Activities of daily living

Admitted patients – inpatients, i.e. admitted to hospital

AE – Adverse event

Aetiology – the study of the causes or origins particularly of diseases or disorders

AHP – Allied health professional (e.g. paramedics, occupational therapists, physiotherapists)

AHSC – Academic Health Science Centres

AHSN – Academic Health Science Networks
23/5/13 15 new AHSN’s announced: http://www.england.nhs.uk/2013/05/23/acc-health-sci-ntwrk/

Akathisia – an unpleasant sense of restlessness and agitation which can be a symptom of mental health problems.

AKI – Acute Kidney Injury

ALB – Arms length body (i.e. at ‘arm’s length’ from the Government)

ALMO – Arms length management organisation. Housing organisations at ‘arms length’ from the local council.

AMD – Age related Macular Degeneration. (A disease of the eye typically affecting older people. It comes in ‘wet’ and ‘dry’ forms, the ‘wet’ form being more serious).
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Macular-degeneration/Pages/Introduction.aspx

AMHP – Approved mental health professional
http://www.theguardian.com/social-care-network/2013/jul/31/social-workers-forgotten-emergency-service

AMR – Antimicrobial Resistance

AMRC (or AoMRC) – Academy of Medical Royal Colleges
http://www.aomrc.org.uk/

AMU – Acute Medical Units, (where emergency cases are admitted to hospital. Also called Clinical decision units, medical / surgical admission units or Observation Units.)

ANP – Advanced Nurse Practitioner

APC – Adult Protection Co-ordinator

APMS – Alternative Provider of Medical Services. A way of contracting with non-NHS providers for primary care (GPs).

APPG – All Party Parliamentary Group

AQP – Any Qualified Provider

ARSAC – Administration of Radioactive Substances Advisory Committee
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/administration-of-radioactive-substances-advisory-committee

ART – Assisted reproductive technology

ASA – Advertising Standards Authority
https://www.asa.org.uk/

ASA – Amateur Swimming Association
http://www.swimming.org/asa/

ASC – Adult Social Care

ASCOF – Adult social care outcomes framework
The indicators for 2014-15: http://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/jan/21/labour-coalition-nhs-hospitals-casualty-cuts-tories-lib-dems
Outcomes data: http://ascof.hscic.gov.uk/

ASD – Autism spectrum disorders

ASH – Action on Smoking and Health
http://www.ash.org.uk/

ASYE – Assessed and Supported Year in Employment (part of training for children’s social workers)

AT – Area Team of NHS England. Also sometimes abbreviated to LAT, local area team.

AT – Assistive technology

ATL – Association of Teachers and Lecturers
https://www.atl.org.uk/

ATU – Assessment and Treatment Unit

AUR – Appliance use review (a pharmacy service)

AWOL – Absent without leave (e.g. mental health inpatients absconding)

~

BAC – Blood alcohol content

BACD – British Academy of Childhood Disability
http://www.bacdis.org.uk/

BAPIO – British Association of Physicians of Indian Origin

BASW – The British Association of Social Workers
https://www.basw.co.uk/

BAU – Business as usual

BCF – Better Care Fund

BCT – Behaviour change technique

BIA – Best interest assessor. A role in the Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (DoLS) process.

BIT – Behavioural Insights Team. A social purpose company, spun out from Government (No.10 Downing Street), applying behavioural insights in support of social purpose goals.
http://www.behaviouralinsights.co.uk/

Blinded – as well as the normal meaning in terms of losing sight, this term is also refers to people conducting research not being aware of which ‘intervention’ (e.g. a drug or psychological therapy) they are administering, so as not to sub-consciously (or even consciously) influence the results. However, it can be a bit alarming when you see phrases such as ‘we will have a blinded research assistant to assess fidelity.’

Blues and twos – emergency vehicles (e.g. ambulances and fire engines), referring to the blue lights and two tone sirens.

BMA – British Medical Association

BMI – Body mass index. For an adult this is the weight in kilograms divided by the heigh in metres squared.
BMI calculator: http://www.nhs.uk/Tools/Pages/Healthyweightcalculator.aspx

BMJ – British Medical Journal
http://www.bmj.com/

BNF – British National Formulary. (List of medicines and guidance on prescribing).
http://www.bnf.org/about/

BPS – British Psychological Society
http://www.bps.org.uk/

BSL – British Sign Language

~

CA – Combined authority. Created as part of devolution deals, such as Greater Manchester.

CAB – Citizens Advice Bureau

CAF – Charities Aid Foundation
https://www.cafonline.org/

CAF – Common assessment framework

CAFCASS – Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service. It represents children in family court cases and is independent of the courts, social services, education and health authorities. It was set up in 2001 under the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act. It is a non-departmental public body accountable to the Secretary of State at the Ministry of Justice.
https://www.cafcass.gov.uk/

Caldicott – report / guardians. Dame Fiona Caldicott produced a report in 1997 on the confidentiality of patient information. The ‘Caldicott Report’ also gave rise to ‘Caldicott Guardians’ whose responsibility is to ensure patient data is kept secure. She produced another report on Information Governance in the Health and Care system in April 2013:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-information-governance-review
The Government produced their response in September 2013:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/caldicott-information-governance-review-department-of-health-response

CAMHS – Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services

CAP – Committee of Advertising Practice
https://www.cap.org.uk/

Capitation – paying care providers to meet all or most of the care needs of a specific population.
https://www.gov.uk/capitation

Cat scan – computerised axial tomography scan. See CT scan

CBA – Controlled before and after study

CBA – Cost benefit analysis. An study of the relative costs and benefits in money terms from an intervention or programme. (See also CEA and CUA)
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/edu/healthecon/04_he_06.html

CBM – Cognitive bias modification

CBT – Cognitive behavioural therapy

Committee on Climate Change. An independent, statutory body established under the Climate Change Act 2008. It advises the government on emissions and preparing for climate change.
https://www.theccc.org.uk/

CCE – Consumer and community engagement

CCG – Clinical Commissioning Group

CCG OIS – Clinical Commissioning Group Outcome Indicator Set

CCP – Co-operation and Competition Panel, now part of Monitor.

CCPS – Certificate of current professional status. Required by doctors to work overseas.

CCT – Compulsory competitive tendering. (Largely introduced in the 1980’s in local government, forcing councils to invite outside organisations to bid to run specified services).

CDF – Cancer Drugs Fund

C-diff – Clostridium difficile

CDOP – Child Death Overview Panels
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/child-death-overview-panels-contacts

CDs – Controlled Drugs

CDU – Clinical decision units. Wards where emergency cases are admitted to hospital and kept for observation, also called Acute Medical Units or medical / surgical admission units or observation units.

CEA – Cost-effectiveness analysis. An assessment of the number of life years added by an intervention (see also CBA and CUA)
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/edu/healthecon/04_he_06.html

CEM – College of Emergency Medicine

CEP – Capped Expenditure Process. A process for containing spending in particular parts of the country facing difficulties. It applies to whole systems (including both commissioners and providers) rather than individual organisations. It was introduced in April 2017 in a letter from NHS England and NHS Improvement to local health care leaders.
See an explanation from the King’s Fund here: https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/capped-expenditure-process-explained

CES – Care Episodes Service
http://www.pulsetoday.co.uk/your-practice/practice-topics/it/private-companies-set-for-access-to-patient-data-for-just-1/20003879.article#.UghzxlMbAxN

CES – Community enhanced service. Services which go beyond what NHS England has commissioned, usually in a community setting, such as GP services beyond the scope of the normal contract.

CFS – Chronic fatigue syndrome (also called ME – Myalgic encephalopathy)

CfWI – Centre for Workforce Intelligence
http://www.cfwi.org.uk/

CHC – Community Health Councils. Patient representative bodies between 1974 and 2002.

CHC – Continuing healthcare

CHD – Coronary heart disease

CHRE – Council for Healthcare Regulatory Excellence (now the Professional Standards Authority, PSA)

CI – Chief Investigator (e.g. in clincial research)

CIC – Community interest company. (Many Healthwatch’s are set up as CIC, to fulfil the statutory requirements to be social enterprises).

https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/office-of-the-regulator-of-community-interest-companies

CIEH – Chartered Institute of Environmental Health
http://www.cieh.org/

CIP – Cost Improvement Programmes
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/sustainable-cost-improvement-programmes-for-the-nhs

CIPFA – Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy (pronounced ‘sipfa’)
http://www.cipfa.org/

CJS – Criminal justice system

CKD – Chronic Kidney Disease
http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Kidney-disease-chronic/Pages/Introduction.aspx

CM – Case Management

CMA – Competition and Markets Authority. It took over many of the functions of the Competition Commission and the Office of Fair Trading. It aims to promote competition and help make markets work effectively, including such things as investigating mergers, investigating anti-competitive agreements and enforcing consumer protection legislation.
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/competition-and-markets-authority

CMD – Common mental disorders

CMHT – Community Mental Health Team

CNS – Clinical Nurse Specialist

COCP – Combined oral contraceptive pill

COMARE – Committee On Medical Aspects of Radiation in the Environment
https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/committee-on-medical-aspects-of-radiation-in-the-environment-comare

Constitution – see NHS Constitution

COPD – Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COPM – Canadian Occupational Performance Measure. (A measure designed for use by occupational therapists to assess changes in outcomes in self-care, productivity and leisure).

CP – Child protection

CPA – care programme approach. NHS Choices says, “The Care Programme Approach (CPA) is a way that services are assessed, planned, co-ordinated and reviewed for someone with mental health problems or a range of related complex needs.” Rethink Mental Illness says this means you get a care co-ordinator, a care plan and joint agreement on how many services should support you.
http://www.nhs.uk/CarersDirect/guide/mental-health/Pages/care-programme-approach.aspx
Fact sheet from Rethink Mental Illness (pdf, 8pp, 663kb)
http://www.rethink.org/resources/c/care-programme-approach-cpafactsheet

CPA – ‘Comprehensive performance assessment’ (an inspection regime for local authorities used in the 2000’s).

CPAG – Clinical Priorities Advisory Group (supports NHS England)

CPD – Continuing professional development

CPN – Community psychiatric nurse

CPN – Contract performance notice.

CPS – Crown Prosecution Service
http://www.cps.gov.uk/

CQC – Care Quality Commission
http://www.cqc.org.uk/

CQUIN – Commissioning for Quality and Innovation. A proportion of the payment by commissioners to providers linked to the achievement of specific quality improvement goals.

CRB – Criminal Records Bureau. Generally used to mean a formal check of criminal records to ensure a person was safe to work with vulnerable people. Now DBS, Disclosure and Barring Service.

CRG – Clinical Reference Group
http://www.england.nhs.uk/resources/spec-comm-resources/npc-crg/
http://www.commissioningboard.nhs.uk/blog/2013/03/27/crg-members/

CRP tests – C-reactive protein tests. Can help differentiate between a viral and a bacterial infection.
(See Cochrane review on their use to see whether antibiotics are needed for acute respiratory infections: http://www.cochrane.org/news/news-events/current-news/antibiotics-spot-tests-reduce-unnecessary-prescriptions

CRUK – Cancer Research UK

CSE – Child sexual exploitation

CSEW – Crime survey for England and Wales

CSF – Critical success factors

CSU – Commissioning Support Unit.

CT Scan – computerised tomography scan. An x-ray scan from a number of different positions allowing a computer to make a 3-d image.

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ct-scan/Pages/Introduction.aspx

CTA – Call to Action
Document published in March 2014 to encourage thinking on the future of the NHS:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/transformative-ideas-for-the-future-nhs-a-call-to-action

CTO – Community treatment order

CTR – Care and treatment reviews. Reviews of people with learning disabilities and/or autism to ensure they are getting the right care in the right place.
http://www.england.nhs.uk/ourwork/qual-clin-lead/ld/ctr/

CTS – Council tax support. Replaced Council Tax Benefit from 2013.

CTSI – Chartered Trading Standards Institute
http://www.tradingstandards.uk/home.cfm

CTU – Clinical Trials Unit
(See http://www.ukcrc-ctu.org.uk/)

CUA – cost-utility analysis. An assessment of the number of quality adjusted life years added by an intervention or programme (see also CBA and CEA)
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/edu/healthecon/04_he_06.html

CVD – Cardiovascular disease

~

DALY – Disability Adjusted Life Years

DBS – Directly bookable services

DBS – Disclosure and barring service (which took over from the CRB)
https://www.gov.uk/disclosure-barring-service-check/overview

DCLG – Department of Communities and Local Government

DCP – Division of Clinical Psychology (of the British Psychological Society).

DDRB – Doctors and Dentists’ Review Body on renumeration
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/review-body-on-doctors-and-dentists-remuneration

Deaneries – regional bodies previously responsible for certain medical training. Replaced in April 2013 by Local Education and Training Boards.
http://hee.nhs.uk/about/our-letbs/

DES – directed enhanced service. (Additional services by GPs required by NHS England for which a payment is made)
http://bma.org.uk/practical-support-at-work/contracts/gp-contracts-and-funding/general-practice-funding/survival-guide-enhanced-services-faq

DfE – Department for Education
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-education

DFG – Disabled Facilities Grant
https://www.gov.uk/disabled-facilities-grants/overview

DGH – District General Hospital

DH – Department of Health (sometimes abbreviated to DoH)

DHP – discretionary housing payments

Direct payments – payments from local authorities for social care, for social care users or carers to purchase care directly. (See also personal budgets and Individual support funds)

DLA – Disability Living Allowance (replaced by PIP, April 2013)

DMC – Data Monitoring Committee. An independent group of experts monitoring patient safety in a clinical trial.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_monitoring_committee

DMEC – Data Monitoring and Ethics Committee (in relation to university research. See also DMC)

DMI – Digital Maturity Index. The National Information Board produced the index to enable individual health providers and health and care economies to track their progress in digitisation of health records.

DMIC – Data Management Information Centres
http://www.ehi.co.uk/news/EHI/8387/info-centre-to-run-dmics

DMS – data management system

DNA – Did not attend

DNA – Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that encodes genetic instructions.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA

DNA CPR – Do not attempt cardio-pulmonary resuscitation

dob – date of birth

DOLS – Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards

DPH – Director of Public Health. (The plural is usually written as DsPH)

DSR – Directly Standardised Rate. The translation of raw numbers into a standard allowing comparisons between different areas. It could be rates of deaths, hospital admissions etc. The simplest rate would be number of events per 100,000 population. More sophisticated rates might take account of differences between the two populations.
Explanation from NHS Scotland: http://www.scotpho.org.uk/downloads/methodology/standardisation-guide-june-2011.doc
See also “Technical Briefing 3: Commonly used public health statistics and their confidence intervals”
http://www.apho.org.uk/

DSM – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. The American Psychiatric Association’s dictionary of mental disorders.
An article giving some of the arguments, prior to the publication of ‘DSM-5’: http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2013/may/12/medicine-dsm5-row-does-mental-illness-exist

D2A – discharge to assess, or the ‘home first’ model. This suggests patients should discharged from hospital as soon as possible, with an assessment of their care needs made at home.
https://www.theguardian.com/social-care-network/2017/oct/10/home-first-model-aims-to-stop-patients-being-stranded-on-hospital-wards

DTOC – Delayed transfer of care

DV – Domestic violence

DVT – Deep vein thrombosis

DWP – Department for Work and Pensions
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-work-pensions

~

EAL – English as an additional language

EBITDA – Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (e.g. used in the Five Year Forward View)

ED – Emergency Department

EDC – Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (they affect hormones)

Ed Psychs – Educational Psychologists

Ed Sykes – If you’ve only heard this spoken, you may wonder who this Ed Sykes person is. See Ed Psychs.

EEA – European Economic Area. The 28 European Union countries plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway).
See: https://www.gov.uk/eu-eea

EHC – Education, Health and Care
An EHC assessment is a requirement coming out of the Children and Families Act (2014). Existing Statements of Special Educational Need have to be transferred to EHC Plans by April 2018.

EHC – Emergency hormonal contraception (the ‘morning after’ pill)

EHIC – European Health Insurance Card

Elective admissions or care – planned or not unexpected (as opposed to emergency admissions).

EMA – European Medicines Agency
http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/

EMCDDA – European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Adiction
http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/

Enablement – (see also re-enablement). Helping people to be able to do daily tasks themselves (which perhaps they were able to do before an accident or illness) so as to be able to live more independently. Sometimes described as the same as reablement but in some areas they are different services.

Endocrinology – is the study of hormones.
http://www.endocrinology.org/public/endocrinology.html

ENDPB – Executive Non-departmental public body

ENT – Ear, nose and throat

EOF – Education Outcomes Framework
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/education-outcomes-framework-for-healthcare-workforce

EOL – End of life

EOLC – End of life care

EPR – Electronic patient record

EPS – Electronic Prescription Service. (Allows prescribers such as GPs to send prescriptions electronically to dispensers such as pharmacies)

ERDF – European Regional Development Fund

ESA – Employment and Support Allowance

ESF – European Social Fund

ESRC – Economic and Social Research Council
http://www.esrc.ac.uk/

EU – European Union

EWS – Early warning scores

~

FACS – Fair Access to Care Service. Guidance issued by DH in 2003.

http://www.scie.org.uk/publications/guides/guide33/adult-social-care.asp

FCE – Finished consultant episode. The time spent under the care of a consultant. A very detailed definition of a consultant episode is given here:
http://www.datadictionary.nhs.uk/data_dictionary/nhs_business_definitions/c/consultant_episode_(hospital_provider)_de.asp?shownav=1

FCE – Functional capacity evaluation. An assessment of someone’s ability to function in different circumstances.

FDA – the United States Food and Drug Administration
http://www.fda.gov/

FDF – Food and Drink Federation
https://www.fdf.org.uk/

fEC – full economic costing. The full cost of a research project, for use in working out funding contributions. It includes direct costs such as salaries and their overheads, allocation of costs for such things as estates and laboratory time and indirect costs such as capital employed.
http://www.jcpsg.ac.uk/costing/definitions.htm|
http://www.hefce.ac.uk/funding/finsustain/trac/history/

FFT – Friends and Family Test

FFW – fit for work (benefits)

FGM – female genital mutilation

FNC – see NHS-FNC (NHS funded nursing care)

FNP – Family Nurse Partnership

FOI – Freedom of information.

FOT – Forecast outturn

FPH – Faculty of Public Health

Francis – sometimes used as an abbreviation for the Francis report, written by Robert Francis QC, into the problems at the Mid-Staffordshire Foundation NHS Trust.
http://www.midstaffspublicinquiry.com/

FRS – Fire and rescue service

FRS – Fellow of the Royal Society

FRS – Family resources survey

FSA – Food Standards Agency
http://www.food.gov.uk/

FSM – free school meals. Frequently used as a proxy for deprivation.

FT – Foundation Trust

FT – Financial Times

FTE – Full time equivalent. (i.e. converting what the part time workforce would be equal to in terms of number of full time workers). Sometimes described as: WTE – Whole time equivalent.

FTP – Fitness to Practice

~

G&A – General and acute (in relation to planned admissions to hospitals)

GAD – Generalised anxiety disorder
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/anxiety/pages/introduction.aspx

GCP – Good clinical practice

GDC – General Dental Council
http://www.gdc-uk.org/Pages/default.aspx

GDP – General Dental Practitioner

General Pharmaceutical Council
http://www.pharmacyregulation.org/about-us

Getting it Right First Time – see GIRFT

GI – gastrointestinal

GIC – Gender identity clinic

Gini coefficient – a measure of inequality (such distribution of income) ranging from 0 for perfect equality to 1 representing maximum inequality.

GIRFT – Getting it Right First Time. A national improvement programme designed to reduce unwarranted variation in service delivery and clinical practice, supported by £60m of funding from the Department of Health.
http://gettingitrightfirsttime.co.uk/faq/#faq1
https://www.rnoh.nhs.uk/health-professionals/getting-it-right-first-time

GM – Genetically Modified (e.g. GM foods)

GM – Greater Manchester (e.g. in the context of devolution of health spending to Greater Manchester in March 2015)

GMC – General Medical Council
http://www.gmc-uk.org/

GMS – General Medical Services. A form of contract for service with a GPs’ practice rather than individual GPs. (See also PMS)

GP – General Practitioner

GPC – BMA General Practitioners Committee
http://bma.org.uk/about-the-bma/how-we-work/negotiating-committees/general-practitioners-committee

GPES – GP extraction system. Automatically takes data from GPs’ IT systems.

GPhC – General Pharmaceutical Council
https://www.pharmacyregulation.org/

GPNRO – General Practice National Recruitment Office
http://gprecruitment.hee.nhs.uk/

GPPAQ – General Practice Physical Activity Questionnaire
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/general-practice-physical-activity-questionnaire-gppaq

GPWSI – GPs with special interests

~

HALE – Health adjusted life expectancy

HAPU – Hospital acquired pressure ulcers

HBAI – Households below average income

HBV – Hepatitis B virus

HCA – Health Care Adviser

HCAI – Healthcare Acquired Infection

HCP – Health Care Professional

HCP – Healthy Child Programme

HCPC – Health and Care Professions Council
http://www.hcpc-uk.co.uk/

HCSA – Hospital Consultants and Specialists Association
https://www.hcsa.com/

HCV – Hepatitis C virus

Healthwatch – The consumer champion for health and social care. There is a Healthwatch in each of the 152 single tier and county council areas in England. They replaced the Local Involvement Networks or LINks. There is also a national body, Healthwatch England which can provide support and take up issues at the national level.
http://www.healthwatch.co.uk/

HDU – High dependency unit

HEE – Health Education England
http://hee.nhs.uk/

HEI – Higher Education Institution

HES – Hospital Episode Statistics

HFEA – Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority
http://www.hfea.gov.uk/

HFMA – Healthcare Financial Management Association
http://www.hfma.org.uk/

HFSS – foods high in fat, salt and sugar

HIIA – Health inequality impact assessment

HIIT – High intensity interval training

HIT – High Intensity Therapist

HLE – Health life expectancy

HMO – Health Maintenance Organisation

HOSC – Health overview and scrutiny committee

HQIP – Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership
www.hqip.org.uk

HRA – Health Research Authority
http://www.hra.nhs.uk/

HRG – Health related group. A way of dividing up conditions and treatments for determining payment rates by commissioners. “HRGs are groupings of clinically similar conditions or treatments that use similar levels of healthcare resources.” (National Tariff Payment System 2016-17, p.10).

HRG – Healthcare Resource Groups (groupings of patient events judged to consume similar levels of resources, used as a sort of ‘currency’ in commissioning. There are about 1,400 of them).
http://www.hscic.gov.uk/hrg http://www.nhsconfed.org/Publications/Documents/ned-guide-hospital-data.pdf

HSC – Health Selection Committee (of the House of Commons)

HSCIC – Health and Social Care Information Centre.
An Executive Non-departmental Public Body (ENDPB). It is changing its name to NHS Digital from July 2016.
www.hscic.gov.uk
https://www.gov.uk/government/news/hscic-changing-its-name-to-nhs-digital

HSE – Health and Safety Executive
http://www.hse.gov.uk/

HSIB – Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch. Came into being on 1st April 2016.
https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/independent-patient-safety-investigation-service-ipsis-expert-advisory-group

HSL – Health and Safety Laboratory
http://www.hsl.gov.uk/

HSMR – Hospital standardised mortality ratio

HV – Health visitor

HWB – Health and Wellbeing Board (sometimes abbreviated as HWBB)

HWE – Healthwatch England
www.healthwatch.co.uk

~

IAPT – Improving Access to Psychological Therapies
http://www.iapt.nhs.uk/

IB – Incapacity Benefit

ICAS – Independent Complaints Advocacy Service

ICC – Intra-cluster coefficient (statistic used in experimental trials)

ICD – International classification of diseases

ICECSCR – International Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. (The Equalities and Human Rights Commission suggested in April 2016 that the forthcoming junior doctors’ contract could contravene this convention).
http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CESCR.aspx
http://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/apr/28/equality-watchdog-warns-junior-doctors-contract-potentially-illegal

ICO – Information Commissioner’s Office
https://ico.org.uk/

ICO – Integrated Care Organisation (as proposed by Labour in the 2014 election campaign, for integrating health and social care)

ICP – Individual care plan

ICSP – Integrated Customer Service Platform (the ‘daughter’ of NHS Choices). http://www.ehi.co.uk/news/EHI/8771/outsourcing-explored-for-nhs-choices

ICU – Intensive Care Unit

IDCR – Integrated Digital Care Record (the new name for Electronic Patient Record: http://www.guardian.co.uk/healthcare-network/2013/jul/08/electronic-patient-records-big-thing-gps-hospitals)

IELTS – International English Language Testing System. (Doctors are required to have achieved a certain level before they can be licensed to practise in the UK).
http://www.ielts.org/
http://www.nhscareers.nhs.uk/explore-by-who-you-are/international-healthcare-professionals/information-for-overseas-doctors/

IFG – Institute for Government
http://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/

IFR – Individual funding request. A request for funding for a treatment not normally funded by the commissioner.

IFRS – International Financial Reporting Standards

IIGOP – Independent Information Governance Oversight Panel
(First annual report: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/iigop-annual-report-2014)

ILI – Influenza-like illness

IMCA – Independent Mental Capacity Advocate
http://www.scie.org.uk/publications/guides/guide32/index.asp

IMD – Index of multiple deprivation
The indices of deprivation are being revised (2014-15): https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/english-indices-of-deprivation
Indices of deprivation 2010: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/english-indices-of-deprivation-2010
Detailed article on the differences between measures in the four countries of the UK: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/hsq/health-statistics-quarterly/no–53–spring-2012/uk-indices-of-multiple-deprivation.html?format=print

IMHA – Independent Mental Health Advocacy

IOSH – Institution of Occupational Safety and Health
http://www.iosh.co.uk/

Incidence – the number of new cases (e.g. of an illness, injury or mortality) amongst a specific population during a particular period. (Whereas ‘prevalence’ is the proportion of cases at a given time). So this would tell you about the risk of contracting an illness, sustaining an injury etc.

IP – Intellectual property

IPC – Integrated Personal Commissioning. A programme to provide personal budgets combining health and social care to various groups of people with high needs, announced by Simon Stevens at the 2014 LGA annual conference.
http://www.england.nhs.uk/2014/07/09/ipc-prog/

IPSIS – Independent Public Safety Investigations Service (starts in April 2016).
Consultation on setting up the service:
https://consultations.dh.gov.uk/ipsis/independent-patient-safety-investigation-service-e-2

IPT – Interpersonal Psychotherapy

IPVA – Interpersonal violence and abuse

IRISS – The Institute for Research and Innovation in Social Services. A charitable company which aims to promote positive outcomes for people who use Scotland’s social services.
http://www.iriss.org.uk/

IR(ME)R – Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations
http://www.rqia.org.uk/what_we_do/ir_me_r.cfm

IRO – Independent Reviewing Officer. A person appointed to periodically review a child’s care plan and to challenge the local authority if they believe the plan is not in the best interests of the child.

http://nairo.org.uk/

Feature article, how independent are IROs:

https://www.theguardian.com/social-care-network/2016/sep/20/can-independent-reviewing-officers-really-be-independent

IRP – Independent Reconfiguration Panel. A non-departmental public body, sponsored by the Department of Health providing independent advice on service change.
https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-panel-members-to-advise-ministers-on-proposed-nhs-changes
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/independent-reconfiguration-panel

IS – Income support

ISDS – Investor-state dispute settlement. A mechanism for resolving disputes under the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) which critics are concerned could mean private companies could sue governments for loss of profits, outside of national legal systems.

ISF – Individual support fund or Individual Service Fund. A person’s personal budget is held by a care provider but the person decides how it is spent to meet their needs.

ISRCTN – International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Number.
A system for monitoring randomised controlled trials world wide by allocating unique numbers to them.
http://www.isrctn.org/

ISTC – Independent sector treatment centres

IT – Information technology

ITC – Information and communications technology

ITT – Invitation to tender

ITU – Intensive therapy unit

IVAR – Institute for Volunteering Research
http://www.ivr.org.uk/

~

JAG – The Joint Advisory Group on Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (sets standards and provides quality assurance in endoscopy)
https://www.jagaccreditation.org/

JCVI – Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation
https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/joint-committee-on-vaccination-and-immunisation

JDC – Junior Doctors Committee of the BMA. [On the website spelled without an apostrophe)
http://bma.org.uk/jdc

JHWS – Joint Health and Wellbeing Strategy

JRF – Joseph Rowntree Foundation
http://www.jrf.org.uk/

JSA – Job Seeker’s Allowance

JSNA – Joint Strategic Needs Analysis

JTAI – Joint Targeted Area Inspections. Joint inspections by Ofsted, the CQC, HM Inspectorate of Constabulary and HM Inspectorate of Probation on how local services work together to safeguard vulnerable children.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-joint-inspections-to-hold-agencies-to-account

~

Kinship carers – family and friends looking after children (as opposed to being looked after by parents or foster parents for instance)

KLOE – Key Lines of Enquiry (e.g. the framework of questions used by inspectors of public services)

KPI – Key performance indicator

~

L&D – Liaison and Diversion. Services for offenders with mental health, learning disabilities, substance or other vulnerabilities.
http://www.england.nhs.uk/ourwork/commissioning/health-just/liaison-and-diversion/ld-about/

LA – Local authority

LAC – Looked after children

LAC – Local authority circular (e.g. as issued by the Department of Health to communicate guidance or a requirement for urgent action by local authorities).
https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/local-authority-circulars

LACDP – Leadership Alliance for the Care of Dying People.
http://www.england.nhs.uk/2013/08/30/resp-lcp/

LARCs – Long-acting reversible contraceptives.

LAT – Local area team. NHS England is structured into 4 regions and 27 local area teams.
See here for a map of regions and LATs: http://www.england.nhs.uk/about/regional-area-teams/

LBW – low birth weight

LCP – Liverpool Care Pathway

LD – Learning disability

LDA – Learning difficulty assessment. To be phased out by September 2016 under the Children and Families Act 2014

LDP – Local Delivery Partnerships; the local delivery arms of the NHS Leadership Academy

LDR – Local digital roadmap
https://www.england.nhs.uk/digitaltechnology/info-revolution/digital-roadmaps/

LEP – Local economic partnership

LES – Local Enhanced Services (additional funding to GPs for particular services)

LETB – Local Education and Training Board. 13 local boards operated by Health Education England. (Replaced the Deaneries)

LGA – Local Government Association (a voluntary association of local authorities in England and Wales, of which most are members. Undertakes lobbying on their behalf and promotion of improvement)
www.local.gov.uk

LGBT – Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender
LGBTQIA – Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender, Questioning, Intersex and Asexual

LGIU – Local Government Information Unit
www.lgiu.org.uk

LGO – Local Government Ombudsman
www.lgo.org.uk

LHE – Local health economy

LINks – Local Involvement Networks. The predecessor bodies to Healthwatch.

LMC – Local Medical Committee. Representative committees of local NHS GPs. (They are recognised in legislation)

LOS – Length of stay

LPC – Local Pharmaceutical Committee

LPN – Local Professional Networks. Networks for pharmacy, optometry and dentistry within each of the NHS England Local Area Teams

LSP – Local strategic partnership

LTC – Long term conditions

LTFU – Lost to follow up (in clinical trials)

~

MAC – Migration Advisory Committee (advises the government on migration issues, including skills shortages within occupations, such as nursing)
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/migration-advisory-committee/about

Mandate – see NHS Mandate

Marac – Multi-agency risk assessment conference (in relation to abuse or domestic violence)
News feature including links to research: http://www.theguardian.com/social-care-network/2015/jul/07/domestic-violence-are-maracs-making-a-difference-to-victims-lives

MASH – Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub
(e.g. see: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/working-together-to-safeguard-children-multi-agency-safeguarding-hubs)

MCA – Mental Capacity Act

MCI – Mild cognitive impairment (the slowing of memory and thinking skills as we get older)

MCP – multispeciality community provider (the suggestion in the 2014 Five Year Forward View that there should be a degree of merger between primary and secondary care, by GPs bringing in specialists or acute trusts employing GPs with more local services).

MDD – Major depressive disorder

MDGs – Millennium Development Goals

MDO – Medical Defence Organisation

MDT – Multi-disciplinary team

MDU – Medical Defence Union

ME – Myalgic encephalopathy (also called chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)

MECC – Making Every Contact Count

MEH – Multiple exclusion homelessness
See, for instance, the results of research: https://www.jrf.org.uk/report/tackling-homelessness-and-exclusion-understanding-complex-lives

MEP – Member of the European Parliament

MET – Motivational enhancement therapy

MUR – Medicines Use Review
http://www.rpharms.com/health-campaigns/medicines-use-review.asp

MeSH – Medical Subject Headings. A ‘vocabulary’ used in indexing life sciences articles and books.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_Subject_Headings
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/

MHA – Mental Health Act

MHFA – Mental health first aid

MHN – Mental Health Network
http://www.nhsconfed.org/networks/mental-health-network

MHRA – Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency
www.gov.uk/mhra

MIU – Minor Injuries Unit

MMR – Measles, mumps and rubella. (There was a discredited health scare which linked the MMR vaccination to autism and reduced the number of children having the jab)

MND – Motor Neurone disease

Monitor – sector regulator for health services in England. (In perhaps crude terms, Monitor deals with finance and mergers while the CQC deals with quality of service).
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/monitor

Morbidity – having disease or the incidence of disease

MP – Member of Parliament (UK)

MPET – Multi-professional education and training

MPIG – Minimum Practice Income Guarantee.
Set up after changes to the GP contract in 2004 to ensure smaller practices still obtain a sustainable income.
Article on how its withdrawal threatens rural practices: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/country-doctors-could-disappear-from-rural-communities-as–government-reduces-funding-and-workloads-increase-8798821.html

MPS – Medical Protection Society
https://www.medicalprotection.org/uk/home

MRC – Medical Research Council
http://www.mrc.ac.uk/

MRCGP – Membership of the Royal College of General Practitioners. The qualification for entering general practice.
http://www.rcgp.org.uk/gp-training-and-exams/mrcgp-exam-overview.aspx

MRSA – Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

MSA – Mixed sex accommodation

MSC – Medical Schools Council. A representative body for the UK’s medical schools.
http://www.medschools.ac.uk/Pages/default.aspx

MSK – Musculoskeletal

MSLC – Maternity Service Liaison Committee
http://www.chimat.org.uk/resource/view.aspx?QN=MSLC_ABOUT

MSM – Men who have Sex with Men

MSP – Making safeguarding personal

Multip – short for multipara or multiparous and meaning a woman who has given birth twice or more (in contrast to ‘primip’, short for primipara, a woman giving birth for the first time).

MUPS – Medically unexplained physical symptoms (see also MUPS)

MUR – Medicines Use Review. MURs are carried out by accredited pharmacists with people taking multiple medicines, particularly for long term conditions, to discuss how the patient is getting on with the medicines and whether they are working.
http://psnc.org.uk/services-commissioning/advanced-services/murs/

MUS – Medically unexplained symptoms (see also MUPS)

MUST – Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool

MVPA – Moderate to vigorous physical activity

MWF – Medical Women’s Federation
http://www.medicalwomensfederation.org.uk/

~

NAIRO – National Association of Independent Reviewing Officers
http://nairo.org.uk/

NAO – National Audit Office
http://www.nao.org.uk/

NAPAC – The National Association for People Abused in Childhood
http://napac.org.uk/

NAPC – National Association of Primary Care
http://www.napc.co.uk/

NAVCA – National Association for Voluntary and Community Action – http://www.navca.org.uk/

NCAPOP – National Clinical Audit and Patient Outcome Programme

NCD – Non-communicable disease

NCIN – National Cancer Intelligence Network.
A “UK-wide partnership operated by Public Health England” that “coordinates and develops analysis and intelligence to drive improvements in prevention, standards of cancer care and clinical outcomes for cancer patients.”
http://www.ncin.org.uk/home

NCMP – National child measurement programme. Introduced in 2006. Measures children’s height and weight at age 4-5 and 10-11.
https://www.gov.uk/government/news/national-child-measurement-programme-briefing-is-launched

NDA – National Diabetes Audit
http://content.digital.nhs.uk/nda

NDPB – Non-departmental public body (i.e. not under the direct control of a government department)

NDTMS – National Drug Treatment Monitoring System
https://www.ndtms.net/default.aspx

NED – Non-executive director

NEL – non-elective (i.e. not a pre-planned visit to hospital)

Never events – serious but in principle preventable events in the health service, which ‘should never happen’

NEWS – National Early Warning Score

NGC – Next Generation Care
[Seems to be the name given to specific projects in different parts of the country, rather than a national initiative]

NGO – Non-governmental organisation (such as a charity. Often used in the context of international development)

NHS – National Health Service

NHSBT – NHS Blood and Transplant
http://www.nhsbt.nhs.uk/

NHSCB – National Health Service Commissioning Board. The name was changed to ‘NHS England’ on 26/3/13 (http://www.commissioningboard.nhs.uk/blog/2013/03/26/nhs-england/)

NHSCC – see NHS Clinical Commissioners.

NHS Clinical Commissioners. The independent, collective voice of CCGs (Clinical Commissioning Groups) at a national level.
http://www.commissioningassembly.nhs.uk/pg/cv_blog/content/view/121951/network

NHS Commissioning Assembly
http://www.commissioningassembly.nhs.uk/pg/cv_blog/content/view/121951/network

NHS Constitution
https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/nhs-constitution-for-england-resources

NHS Digital. Previously called the Health and Social Care Information Centre.
https://www.gov.uk/government/news/hscic-changing-its-name-to-nhs-digital

NHS England. Was initially known as the NHS Commissioning Board. Created by the Health and Social Care Act 2012.
http://www.england.nhs.uk/

NHS FNC – NHS (National Health Service) funded nursing care.

NHS IQ – NHS Improving Quality. (The improvement body for the health service from April 2012, replacing five bodies).

NHSLA – NHS Litigation Authority. (‘insurance scheme for Trusts’. The higher the standards you can demonstrate the lower the premium)
http://www.nhsla.com/Pages/Home.aspx

NHS Mandate – this sets out the Government’s strategic requirements for the NHS to NHS England
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-nhs-mandate

NHSPRB – NHS Pay Review Body

NHS Safety Thermometer – see Safety Thermometer

NIB – National Inclusion Board. Seems to have been used on some occasions when actually meaning the National Inclusion Health Board, e.g.
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/access-to-primary-care-among-vulnerable-groups-review-of-evidence

NIB – National Information Board
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/national-information-board

NIBSC – National Institute for Biological Standards and Control
http://www.nibsc.org/

NICE – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
http://www.nice.org.uk/

NICON – Northern Ireland Confederation for Health and Social Care
http://www.nhsconfed.org/regions-and-eu/northern-ireland-confederation

NIESR – National Institute of Economic and Social Research
http://niesr.ac.uk/

NIGB – National Information Governance Board. (Abolished 1st April 2013).

NIH – National Institutes of Health. It is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and is “the nation’s medical research agency”.
http://www.nih.gov/

NIHB – National Inclusion Health Board
https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/national-inclusion-health-board

NIHR – National Institute for Health Research
http://www.nihr.ac.uk/Pages/default.aspx

NLRS – National Learning and Reporting System

NLW – National Living Wage. Originally a voluntary hourly rate set independently and updated annually by the Living Wage Foundation. Subsequently hijacked by Chancellor George Osborne who used the term to refer to a new, higher level minimum wage.
http://www.livingwage.org.uk/what-living-wage
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-living-wage-nlw/national-living-wage-nlw

NMC – Nursing and Midwifery Council

NNRU – National Nursing Research Unit

NOID – notifications of infectious diseases

nok – next of kin

Non-admitted patients – not admitted to hospital, i.e. outpatients

NPI – New Policy Institute
http://npi.org.uk/

NPS – New Psychoactive Substances
(e.g. see report from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=47845#.U38ACa1dXg0)

NRPF – No recourse to public funds (this might apply to immigrant families seeking leave to remain in the country, waiting for a decision from the Home Office)

NRT – Nicotine replacement therapy (to help people stop smoking. This could be such things as nicotine gum or patches)

NSAH – National Skills Academy for Health
http://www.nsahealth.org.uk/

NSC – National Screening Committee
http://www.screening.nhs.uk/

NSF – National Service Framework

NSOL – National Shortage Occupational List
http://hee.nhs.uk/2014/06/02/the-national-shortage-occupation-list-nsol-call-for-evidence-survey-2014/

NSP – Needle and syringe programmes

NTPS – National Tariff Payment System. The rules governing how commissioners pay for health services in England.
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/nhs-national-tariff-payment-system-201617

~

OAP – old age pensioner
OAP – out of area placement

OBC – outcomes based commissioning

OBR – Office for Budget Responsibility
http://budgetresponsibility.org.uk/

OCP – Oral contraceptive pill

ODA – Olympic Delivery Authority

Odds ratio – a way of assessing risk or likelihood of something happening (such as getting a disease). It works in the same way as odds for horse racing.

OECD – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. It describes itself as “providing a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems.” Also described as rich countries’ think tank. They have also done some interesting work on wellbeing (and how it can be measured as an alternative to GDP).
http://www.oecd.org/
http://www.oecd.org/statistics/better-life-initiative.htm

Ofsted – The Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills.
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ofsted

OHCA – out of hospital cardiac arrest

OJEU – Official Journal of the European Union (amongst other things, some large tenders have to be advertised there to allow organisations from elsewhere in the EU to bid for them)

ONS – Office for National Statistics
http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/index.html

OOH – out of hours (service)

OPCS – Operating Procedure Code Supplement

OPD – Outpatient Department

OR – Odds ratio

ORSs – Oral rehydration salts

OTC – Over the counter. As in OTC drugs, i.e. medicines that can be bought, not requiring a prescription.

OU – Observation unit (see also Clinical Decision Unit)

OU – Open University

Overdiagnosis – the diagnosis of disease that would never cause symptoms or death in a person’s lifetime. [Understood by less than 3% of the population. Not surprising it seems to me – seems an odd word for that concept.]
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/4/e010723.full

OVM – Overseas Visitor Managers. See also OVO. People employed to identify and recover costs from those not entitled to free care.

OVOs – Overseas Visitor Officers (employed by hospitals to identify and recover costs from those not entitled to free care). See also OVM.

~

p.a. – per annum, i.e. for each year (e.g. the cost is £30m p.a. = the cost is £30 million pounds a year).

PA – Physical activity

PAC – Public Accounts Committee
http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/public-accounts-committee/

PACAC – Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Committee of the House of Commons. Previous called just the Public Administration Select Committee (PASC).
http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/public-administration-and-constitutional-affairs-committee/

PACS – Primary and Acute Care System. (A form of health provision emerging from the 2014 Five Year Forward View that there should be a degree of merger between primary and secondary care. This would be like, but an extension of, the Multi-speciality Community Provider model, and would integrate hospital, primary care, mental health and potentially social care services.)
http://www.england.nhs.uk/ourwork/forward-view/
A short description of what it might look like is given on the expression of interest form here: http://www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/moc-care-eoi-guid.pdf

Palliative – treatment that provides relief from pain or symptoms without providing a cure. Usually used to refer to treatment for incurable conditions, often at the end of life.

PALS – Patient Advice and Liaison Service. Generally located in hospitals to help communications with patients.
http://www.nhs.uk/chq/pages/1082.aspx
To find PALS services: http://www.nhs.uk/Service-Search/Patient%20advice%20and%20liaison%20services%20(PALS)/LocationSearch/363
There was also a PALS online service which is no longer available, see note at: http://www.pals.nhs.uk/

PAM – Patient Activation Measure
(See, for instance, http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/supporting-people-manage-their-health)

PAM – NHS Premises Assurance Model
(https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/nhs-premises-assurance-model-launch)

Parnuts – Foods for Particular Nutritional Uses
http://www.dh.gov.uk/health/2013/03/parnuts-guidance/

Patients’ Association – small national body collecting opinions and campaigning for improvement
http://www.patients-association.com/

PACS – Primary and acute care services. Bodies combining primary and secondary care (hospitals and GPs) as suggested in the Five Year Forward View, published on 23rd October 2014.

PAS – Patient Administration System
(Described in NHS Confed document on using data: http://www.nhsconfed.org/Publications/Documents/ned-guide-hospital-data.pdf)

PAS – Patient Access Schemes
http://www.nice.org.uk/about/what-we-do/patient-access-schemes-liaison-unit

PASC – House of Commons Public Administration Select Committee. Subsequently called the Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Committee (PACAC)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/public-administration-select-committee/

PASLU – Patient Access Scheme Liaison Unit
http://www.nice.org.uk/about/what-we-do/patient-access-schemes-liaison-unit

PbR – payment by results

PCA – Personal Capability Assessment

PCT – Primary Care Trust (abolished by the 2012 Health and Social Care Act)

PDA – patient decision aids

PCO – Primary Care Organisation [generic term]

PDS – Primary dental services

PEAT – Patient Environment Action Team. (Replaced by PLACE in April 2013)

PEC – Priority Enhanced Care

Performers List
http://www.dh.gov.uk/health/2012/10/consultation-national-performers/

Personal budgets – the allocation to an individual of the costs of their care. The money might be under the direct control of the individual or it might be spent on their behalf by service commissioners.

Personal health budgets – budget allocated to individuals for their health care

PGD – Patient Group Direction. They are: “are written instructions for the supply or administration of medicines to groups of patients who may not be individually identified before presentation for treatment.” – http://www.medicinesresources.nhs.uk/en/Communities/NHS/PGDs/
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/patient-group-directions-pgds

PHB – Personal health budgets

PHE – Public Health England

PHOF – Public health outcomes framework

PHRD – Public health responsibility deal. (An approach where the government works with the private sector to encourage voluntary changes to improve public health).

PHSO – Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman
http://www.ombudsman.org.uk/

PHW – Public Health Wales

PI – Principal investigator (e.g. in research)

PIC – Participant Identification Centres

PICU – Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit
PICU – Paediatric Intensive Care Unit

PIL – Patient Information Leaflet (that comes in the packaging with medicines to explain usage, side effects etc.)

PLAB – Professional and Linguistic Assessment Board. Tests for doctors trained overseas before they can practise in Britain.

PLACE – Patient Led Assessments of the Care Environment. (Replaced PEAT assessments)
http://www.england.nhs.uk/ourwork/qual-clin-lead/place/

PLICS – Patient Level Information and Costing Systems
See for instance: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/patient-level-cost-collection-201213-review-and-lessons-for-the-future

PM – Prime Minister
PM – Performance management

PM – Project manager

PMLD – profound and multiple learning disabilities

PMS – Personal Medical Services. A form of contract for services with an individual GP rather than a GP practice. (See also GMS)

PMS – Premenstrual syndrome

PNA – Pharmaceutical Needs Assessment

PoC – Programmes of Care.
NHS England’s 74 Clinical Reference Groups are organised into 5 programmes of care: internal medicine; cancer and blood; mental health; trauma; women and children.
http://www.england.nhs.uk/npc-crg/

POC – Proof of concept

POET © – Personal outcomes evaluation tool. Developed by charity ‘In Control’ and Lancaster University, with government funding, to assess outcomes for personal budget recipients.
http://www.in-control.org.uk/what-we-do/poet-%C2%A9-personal-outcomes-evaluation-tool/using-poet-%C2%A9.aspx

POLCE – Procedures of low clinical effectiveness

PN – Practice Nurse

PN – Press notice

Population health – “the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group”
http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.93.3.380

Portage – “is a home-visiting educational service for pre-school children with additional support needs and their families” (from website). (Apparently it also means carrying boats or cargo between two navigable waters.)
http://www.portage.org.uk/

PPD – Prescribed place of detention

PPE – Patient and public engagement (sometimes also PPI, PPP or PPV).

PPE – Personal protective equipment

PPE – Philosophy, Politics and Economics (Oxford degree popular amongst people who go on to become politicians and civil servants)

PPI – Patient and public involvement
PPI – Proton Pump Inhibitor

PPIF – Patient and Public Involvement Forums. (Replaced Community Health Forums in 2002, and were replaced by Local Involvement Networks (LINks) in 2008, which were then replaced by Healthwatch in 2013.

PPN – Procurement Policy Note. (E.g. issued by the Crown Commercial Service)

PPP – Patient and public participation (more commonly PPI or PPE)

PPRS – Pharmaceutical Price Regulation Scheme
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/pharmaceutical-price-regulation-scheme-2014

PPV – Patient and public voice (more commonly PPI or PPE)

PQQ – Pre-qualification questionnaire. (An early stage in a procurement process to assess who will be qualified to bid)

PREM – Patient Reported Experience Measure

Prevalence – the proportion of a population with a condition (such as an illness) at a given point in time (whereas ‘incidence’ is the number of new cases over a period of time). So this tells you how common it is (rather than how likely you are to get it).

Primary care – usually the first point of contact for health care (diagnosis, advice, treatment) such as that provided by GPs.

Primip – short for primipara and meaning a women who is pregnant for the first time (in contrast to ‘multip’).

Principal authorities – in relation to local government, these are county, district or single tier councils but not parish, town and community councils.

PROMS – patient-reported outcome measures

PRSB – Professional Records Standards Body
http://www.ehi.co.uk/news/EHI/8530/new-records-standards-body-launched

PRU – Pupil referral unit

PSA – Professional Standards Authority. Oversees statutory bodies that that regulate health and social care professionals in the UK.
http://www.professionalstandards.org.uk/

PSED – Public Sector Equality Duty
http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/public-sector-equality-duty

PSHE – Personal, social and health education (generally relating to it being taught to children)

PTS – Patient transport service

PTSD – Post traumatic stress disorder

PWID – People who inject drugs

PWP – Psychological Wellbeing Practitioners (see: http://www.cfwi.org.uk/workforce-planning-news-and-review/publications/improving-workforce-planning-for-the-psychological-therapies-workforce/ )

PYLL – Potential Years of Life Lost (item 1a in the NHS Outcomes Framework)

Q&A – Question and answer (e.g. question and answer session after a presentation at a conference or event).

Quality premium – an amount paid to CCGs by NHS England for meeting certain targets
http://www.england.nhs.uk/ccg-ois/qual-prem/

QALY – Quality adjusted life year.
Used when assessing the cost effectiveness of different drugs or treatments. Rather than just judging the number of lives save (life years) it considers the quality of those lives. One QALY is one year of perfect life, with the number of years weighted by quality, judged between 0 and 1.
http://heapol.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/5/402.full

QI – Quality Improvement

(Also the television programme, QI, standing for Quite Interesting). http://qi.com/television/

QIPP – Quality, Innovation, Productivity and Prevention
http://ukpolicymatters.thelancet.com/qipp-programme-quality-innovation-productivity-and-prevention/
https://www.evidence.nhs.uk/qipp
The workstreams of the programme were taken over by NHS England from 1/4/13 (https://www.gov.uk/government/news/qipp-national-workstreams-updated)

QNI – Queen’s Nursing Institute

QoL – Quality of life

QOF – Quality and Outcomes Framework
http://www.hscic.gov.uk/qof

QSG – Quality Surveillance Group

~

RAS – Resource allocation system. Used to assess the level of personal budget a person should have).

RCEM – Royal College of Emergency Medicine
http://www.rcem.ac.uk/

RCGP – Royal College of General Practitioners
http://www.rcgp.org.uk/

RCN – Royal College of Nursing
http://www.rcn.org.uk/

RCoA – Royal College of Anaesthetists
http://www.rcoa.ac.uk/

RCOG – Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
https://www.rcog.org.uk/

RCP – Royal College of Physicians
https://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/

RCT – Randomised control trial

RD – Responsibility deal (see also PHRD – Public health responsibility deal)

RDA – Recommended daily allowance (e.g. for sugar, salt, vitamins and other components of food)

RDS – Research Design Service. A service funded by the National Institute for Health Research to provide support to health and care researchers on design and methodological issues when preparing applications for grants.
http://www.rds.nihr.ac.uk/

Reablement (re-enablement) – helping people (with a disability or poor physical or mental health) do things for themselves so as to be able to live more independently.

Real terms – in the context of spending this means after adjusting for inflation. For instance if a budget increases from £100 one year to £103 the following year, but inflation is 3%, it hasn’t increased in real terms (the £103 would buy exactly the same as the £100 the previous year).

REC – Research Ethics Committee

Residential
In health – any non-hospital setting
In housing – residential care
http://www.guardian.co.uk/housing-network/2013/apr/15/health-housing-services-integration-cost-outcomes

RIAT – Restoring invisible and abandoned trials. An initiative as part of the campaign to make the results of all trials (such as those on new medicines) public, so that failed trials are not hidden, distorting the overall view of results.

RiO – A particular system used to store electronic patient records
http://www.southernhealth.nhs.uk/rio/

RO – Responsible Officer

RPS – Royal Pharmaceutical Society
http://www.rpharms.com/home/home.asp

RQ – respiratory quotient
RQ – reportable quantity

RSPH – Royal Society for Public Health
http://www.rsph.org.uk/

RTA – Road traffic accident

RTI – respiratory tract infection

RTT – referral to treatment

~

SACN – Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition
https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/scientific-advisory-committee-on-nutrition

SAD – Seasonal affective disorder (being depressed in winter because of a lack of sunlight)

SAE – serious adverse event

Safety Thermometer – a methodology for measuring, monitoring and analysing patient harms and ‘harm free’ care. It measures harm from pressure ulcers, falls, urine infections (in patients with a catheter) and venous thromboembolism (VTE)
http://www.safetythermometer.nhs.uk/

SALT – short and long term support (in Adult Social Care)
SALT – Speech and Language Therapy

SAPC – Society for Academic Primary Care
http://www.sapc.ac.uk/

SARCs – Sexual assault referral centres

SARS – Severe acute respiratory syndrome

SAU – Services as Usual (e.g. as a comparison to some intervention in a research trial)

SBNT – Social behavioural network therapy

SBP – Systolic blood pressure

SCN – Strategic Clinical Networks.
NHS England has established four strategic clinical networks covering: cancer, cardiovascular, maternity and children, and mental health, dementia and neurological conditions.

SCOC – Standing committee on carers

SCP – Surgical care practitioners
Newspaper article about the role: https://www.theguardian.com/healthcare-network/2017/aug/30/nurse-perform-surgery-patients-alone-surgical-care-practitioner

SCR – Serious Case Review

SCR – Summary care record

Script – short for prescription

SCS – Sustainable Community Strategy

SCTS – Society for Cardiothoracic Surgery
http://www.scts.org/

SD – Standard deviation

SDA – Severe Disablement Allowance

SDGs – Sustainable Development Goals (global targets, replacing the Millennium Development Goals)

SDH – Social determinants of health (for instance how housing or urban design influence people’s health)

SDM – Shared decision making

SDT – Self-determination theory

Secondary care. Generally hospitals. ‘Primary’ care is the first place you usually go with a health issue (generally to the GP), and if necessary you may then go on to a ‘second’ or specialist source of help.

Section 47 Enquiry – an enquiry under S.47 of the Children Act 1989 by a social services authority where there is reasonable cause to suspect that a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm, to decide whether the authority should take any action.

SEN – special educational needs

SEND – Special educational needs and disability
A range of links to further sources of information:
https://www.gov.uk/schools-colleges-childrens-services/special-educational-needs-disabilities
The Special Educational Needs and Disability Regulations 2014:
http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2014/1530/contents/made

Sequin – well, it could be a small, shiny disk decorating clothing, but if you’re just hearing, rather than reading this, in a health context, it’s more likely to be CQUIN, a form of financial incentive.

SES – Socio-economic status

SGO – Special guardianship order

SHMI – Summary Hospital-Level Mortality Indicator. The ratio between the numbers in hospital and the expected number according to averages across England by patient type. (The other main mortality indicator is HSMR)
http://www.hscic.gov.uk/SHMI
See also http://www.nhs.uk/NHSEngland/bruce-keogh-review/Pages/published-reports.aspx

SIRI – serious incidents requiring investigation

SLT – Speech and language therapy

SMCP – Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/social-mobility-and-child-poverty-commission

SME – small and medium sized enterprise

SNA – Social network analysis

SOCITM – Society of Information Technology Management. From the website: “the professional body for people involved in the leadership and management of IT and digitally enabled services delivered for public benefit.”
http://www.socitm.net/

SOF – Single Oversight Framework for NHS providers. Segmentation by NHS Improvement of NHS trusts, into one of four categories depending on their support needs, designed to help them get CQC ratings of ‘Good’ or ‘Outstanding’. Operational from November 2016.
https://improvement.nhs.uk/resources/single-oversight-framework/

SOFI – Short Observational Framework for Inspection. A methodology used by CQC.

SoMe – social media

SOP – Standard Operating Procedure

Special Measures – a status applied to some public sector bodies (e.g. schools, councils, health trusts) where they are deemed to be failing to perform to a given standard and particular measures are taken designed to help them improve, or be taken over.
See: ‘A guide for NHS Trusts’ from the CQC, Monitor and the TDA: http://www.cqc.org.uk/public/news/regulators-publish-guide-special-measures-trusts

SRE – Sex and relationship education (e.g. in schools)

SRS – sex reassignment surgery

SSA – Safe Staffing Alliance

SSRI – Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (class of anti-depressant drugs, designed to increase the level of serotonin in the brain)

STD – Sexually transmitted disease (see also STI – sexually transmitted infection)

STEM – Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (often in the context of boosting take up of these subjects in school and university to benefit the economy, and increasing take up by girls)

Sten – ‘standard ten’. A way of standardising scores into a ten point scale in psychometric tests with respect to a larger population of results.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sten_scores

STI – Sexually transmitted infection (see also STD – sexually transmitted disease)

STP – Sustainability and Transformation Plans. Announced in December 2015, the first draft plans were to be submitted by June 2016 by each of the 44 areas in England. They are five year plans to meet the aims of the Five Year Forward View. The abbreviation was subsequently (2017) used for ‘Sustainability and Transformation Partnerships’ as the intention developed to make them a more significant part of the NHS structure.
https://www.england.nhs.uk/ourwork/futurenhs/deliver-forward-view/stp/

A blog with my view on the plans, from October 2016: http://www.equwell.org.uk/stps-where-are-they-headed/

SUDI – Sudden unexpected deaths in infancy

SUI – serious untoward incident

SWAN – The Social Work Action Network. A membership organisation promoting “a model of social work and social care practice which is rooted in the value of social justice”.
http://www.socialworkfuture.org/

~

TA – Teaching assistant

TAU – Treatment as usual. (In research testing an ‘intervention’ it would typically be compared to what would happen otherwise, in other words the usual ‘treatment’ which could be medical, a therapy or any other sort of help)

TBA – to be arranged

TBC – to be confirmed

TDA – Trust Development Authority
http://www.ntda.nhs.uk/

TECS – Technology enabled care services (such as telecare, telehealth and self-care apps)

TFA – Trans fatty acids

Thermometer – see Safety Thermometer

TIA – Transient Ischaemic Attack (a ‘mini-stroke’)

TINA – There is no alternative. (A phrase made familiar by Margaret Thatcher suggesting that Government policy was the only option).

TLAP – Think Local Act Personal. A national partnership of more than 50 organisations including central and local government, the NHS, providers and representatives of those with care and support needs, committed to personalisation and community based support.
http://www.thinklocalactpersonal.org.uk/

TMG – Trial Management Group (e.g. to oversee university research)

Townsend Index, or Townsend Deprivation Index – a measure of deprivation or poverty (see also IMD, Index of Multiple Deprivation)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Townsend_Deprivation_Index#cite_note-5

ToC – Theory of change. Used in research to indicate how it is hypothesised an intervention will have an effect.

TOC – Table of contents

TPD – Tobacco Products Directive. (A European Union directive).

TSA – Trust Special Administrator
TSA – Third Sector Assembly

TSC – Trial Steering Committee (e.g. to oversee university research)

TSO – Third sector organisation

TTIP – Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. It is argued that it could leave CCGs open to be sued by American private healthcare companies for restricting trade if they do not open all services to competition.
http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/nhs-could-be-carved-open-by-us-healthcare-profiteers-warns-shadow-health-secretary-andy-burnham-9292530.html

TTO – To take out (as in drugs prescribed when leaving hospital)

~

UA – unitary authority. (A council responsible for all services and functions which in shire areas are split between county and district councils)

UASC – Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children

UBRN – Unique booking reference number

UCC – Urgent care centre

UEC – Urgent and emergency care

UHC – Universal health care (where the whole population of a country has access to health services)

UKCES – UK Commission for Employment and Skills
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/uk-commission-for-employment-and-skills

UKCRC – UK Clinical Research Collaboration
http://www.ukcrc.org/

UKCRN – UK Clinical Research Network
https://portal.ukcrn.org.uk/login/
http://public.ukcrn.org.uk/search/

UKHCA – United Kingdom Home Care Association
http://www.ukhca.co.uk/index.aspx

UKPHR – United Kingdom Public Health Register. Regulates public health professionals.
http://www.publichealthregister.org.uk/

UNCRC – United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
https://www.gov.uk/government/policies/creating-a-fairer-and-more-equal-society/supporting-pages/the-united-nations-convention-on-the-rights-of-the-child-uncrc
http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CRC.aspx

UNODC – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/

UTI – Urinary tract infection

~

Vaping – the use of e-cigarettes (so called because it involves inhaling vapour rather than smoke)

VBAC – Vaginal birth after a caesarian

VCS – voluntary and community sector

VCSE – voluntary, community and social enterprise (sector)

VFM – Value for money

VMS – Vasomotor symptoms. This includes menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes and night sweats caused by constrictions and dilations to blood vessels.
http://www.nhs.uk/news/2015/02February/Pages/Menopausal-symptoms-last-longer-than-previously-thought.aspx

VPS – Violent Patient Scheme. Introduced in 2004 as a ‘directed enhanced service’ to provide a secure environment for patients who had shown challenging and sometimes violent behaviour in their GP practice. [Seems to operate at least in the South West and Central Southern areas. Limited information available on the NHS England website.]

VSM – Very senior management. The top NHS pay grade.

VTE – Venous Thromboembolism. A blood clot within a vein – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venous_thrombosis
http://guidance.nice.org.uk/QS3

~

Waiting time standards – the NHS constitution says patients have the right to access certain services within maximum waiting times. The list of waiting times is given in the Handbook to the Constitution (p.31-34 of the 2015, second version).
http://www.nhs.uk/choiceintheNHS/Rightsandpledges/Waitingtimes/Pages/Guide%20to%20waiting%20times.aspx
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/supplements-to-the-nhs-constitution-for-england

WCA – Work Capability Assessment.
Delivered by French owned company Atos. Has been criticised for being insensitive. Many decisions rejected on appeal.
http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/mar/27/atos-contract-end-relief-campaigners]

WEMWBS – Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale
http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/1467.aspx

WHD – Warm Home Discount. Scheme to support people at risk of fuel poverty.

WHO – World Health Organisation
http://www.who.int/en/

WIC – Walk in centre

WMA – World Medical Association
http://www.wma.net/en/10home/index.html

WRAG – Work related activity group. People who are currently too ill to work but may be able to in future so can engage in activities such as revising their CV that may help their future job prospects.

WRAP – Wellness recovery action plans

WRAP – Waste and Resources Action Programme
http://www.wrap.org.uk/content/about-wrap

WTD – Working Time Directive. European Union rules which mean that workers don’t normally need to work more than an average of 48 hours a week unless they choose to do so.
https://www.gov.uk/maximum-weekly-working-hours/overview

WTE – Whole time equivalent. (i.e. converting what the part time workforce would be equal to in terms of number of full time workers). Also sometimes described as FTE – full time equivalent.

~

YJB – Youth justice board
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/youth-justice-board-for-england-and-wales

YLD – Years lived with disability

YLL – Years of life lost

YOT – Youth offending team

YTD – year to date (often used in financial reports)

~

ZBB – zero based budgeting (building up your budget from nothing, rather than assuming the same as the previous year then making adjustments for that up or down)

ZHC’s – Zero hours contracts

~


Other Glossaries

Here are some other glossaries I have come across:

NHS Confederation – acronym buster. There is also an NHSacronym app for iphones or android with over 700 abbreviations and acronyms.
http://www.nhsconfed.org/acronym-buster

List of medical abbreviations on Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medical_abbreviations

NICE (of terms used on their site)
https://www.nice.org.uk/Glossary

Health and Social Care Information Centre (abbreviations and acronyms)
http://www.hscic.gov.uk/article/2994/Glossary-of-acronyms

Jargon buster for people researching health or social care, from NHS Choices
http://www.nhs.uk/carersdirect/carerslives/aboutcaring/Pages/Jargonbuster.aspx

Health news glossary from NHS Choices (largely to do with research)
http://www.nhs.uk/news/Pages/Newsglossary.aspx

Royal College of Nursing (terms rather than abbreviations, not as long as some of the other lists)
http://www.rcn.org.uk/development/practice/clinical_governance/glossary

Health Research Authority Glossary
http://www.hra.nhs.uk/news/dictionary/

Glossary of health, social care and information technology
http://www.cpa.org.uk/sap/glossary/glossary.html#

‘Think Local Act Personal’: Care and Support Jargon Buster
http://www.thinklocalactpersonal.org.uk/Browse/Informationandadvice/CareandSupportJargonBuster

Socialist health association
http://www.sochealth.co.uk/health-and-social-services-glossary-of-acronyms/

Guardian
http://www.guardian.co.uk/healthcare-network/2011/aug/22/glossary-nhs-healthcare-jargon-acronyms

~

Most recent update: 13/11/17

(That’s the last time something was added, not a general review of all the content. If you find any mistakes, do please let me know)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *